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Gallery is a layout widget used to display items in a horizontally scrolling list and positions the current selection at the center of the view.

In this tutorial, you'll create a gallery of photos and then display a toast message each time a gallery item is selected.

  1. Start a new project named HelloGallery.
  2. Find some photos you'd like to use, or use these sample images. Save the images into the project's res/drawable/ directory.
  3. Open the res/layout/main.xml file and insert the following:
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <Gallery xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
  4. Open the HelloGallery.java file and insert the following code for the onCreate() method:
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        Gallery g = (Gallery) findViewById(R.id.gallery);
        g.setAdapter(new ImageAdapter(this));
        g.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {
            public void onItemClick(AdapterView parent, View v, int position, long id) {
                Toast.makeText(HelloGallery.this, "" + position, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    This starts by setting the main.xml layout as the content view and then capturing the Gallery from the layout with findViewById(int). A custom BaseAdapter called ImageAdapter is instantiated and applied to the Gallery with setAdapter(). (The ImageAdapter class is defined next.) Then an anonymous AdapterView.OnItemClickListener is instantiated. The onItemClick(AdapterView, View, int, long) callback method receives the AdapterView where the click occurred, the specific View that received the click, the position of the View clicked (zero-based), and the row ID of the item clicked (if applicable). In this example, all that's needed is the position of the click to show a Toast message that says the position of the item, using makeText(Context, CharSequence, int) and show() (in a real world scenario, this ID could be used to get the full sized image for some other task).

  5. Create a new XML file in the res/values/ directory named attrs.xml. Insert the following:
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
        <declare-styleable name="HelloGallery">
            <attr name="android:galleryItemBackground" />

    This is a custom styleable resource that can be applied to a layout. In this case, it will be applied to the individual items placed into the Gallery widget. The <attr> element defines a specific attribute for the styleable, and in this case, it refers to an existing platform attribute, galleryItemBackground, which defines a border styling for gallery items. In the next step, you'll see how this attribute is referenced and then later applied to each item in the gallery.

  6. Go back to the HelloGallery.java file. After the onCreate(Bundle) method, define the custom ImageAdapter class:
    public class ImageAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
        int mGalleryItemBackground;
        private Context mContext;
        private Integer[] mImageIds = {
        public ImageAdapter(Context c) {
            mContext = c;
            TypedArray a = obtainStyledAttributes(R.styleable.HelloGallery);
            mGalleryItemBackground = a.getResourceId(
                    R.styleable.HelloGallery_android_galleryItemBackground, 0);
        public int getCount() {
            return mImageIds.length;
        public Object getItem(int position) {
            return position;
        public long getItemId(int position) {
            return position;
        public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
            ImageView i = new ImageView(mContext);
            i.setLayoutParams(new Gallery.LayoutParams(150, 100));
            return i;

    First, there are a few member variables, including an array of IDs that reference the images saved in the drawable resources directory (res/drawable/).

    Next is the class constructor, where the Context for an ImageAdapter instance is defined and the styleable resource defined in the last step is acquired and saved to a local field. At the end of the constructor, recycle() is called on the TypedArray so it can be re-used by the system.

    The methods getCount(), getItem(int), and getItemId(int) are methods that must be implemented for simple queries on the Adapter. The method does the work to apply an image to an {@link android.widget.ImageView that will be embedded in the Gallery. In this method, the member Context is used to create a new ImageView. The ImageView is prepared by applying an image from the local array of drawable resources, setting the Gallery.LayoutParams height and width for the image, setting the scale to fit the ImageView dimensions, and then finally setting the background to use the styleable attribute acquired in the constructor.

    See ImageView.ScaleType for other image scaling options.

  7. Run the application.

You should see something like this:


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