Public Member Functions
|Initialize the timer. |
|Reinitialize the timer. |
|void||start (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|Start timing. |
|void||stop (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|Stop timing. |
|void||elapsed_time (ACE_Time_Value &tv) const|
|Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed. |
|void||elapsed_time (ACE_hrtime_t &nanoseconds) const|
|Set nanoseconds to the number of nanoseconds elapsed. |
|void||elapsed_microseconds (ACE_hrtime_t &usecs) const|
|Sets usecs to the elapsed (stop - start) time in microseconds. |
|void||start_incr (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|Start incremental timing. |
|void||stop_incr (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|Stop incremental timing. |
|void||elapsed_time_incr (ACE_Time_Value &tv) const|
|void||elapsed_time_incr (ACE_hrtime_t &nanoseconds) const|
|void||print_total (const ACE_TCHAR *message, const int iterations=1, ACE_HANDLE handle=ACE_STDOUT) const|
|void||print_ave (const ACE_TCHAR *message, const int iterations=1, ACE_HANDLE handle=ACE_STDOUT) const|
|Print average time. |
|void||dump (void) const|
|Dump the state of an object. |
Static Public Member Functions
|static void||global_scale_factor (ACE_UINT32 gsf)|
|static ACE_UINT32||global_scale_factor (void)|
|Returns the global_scale_factor. |
|static int||get_env_global_scale_factor (const ACE_TCHAR *env=ACE_TEXT("ACE_SCALE_FACTOR"))|
|static ACE_UINT32||calibrate (const ACE_UINT32 usec=500000, const u_int iterations=10)|
|static ACE_Time_Value||gettimeofday_hr (void)|
|static ACE_Time_Value||gettimeofday (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|static void||hrtime_to_tv (ACE_Time_Value &tv, const ACE_hrtime_t hrt)|
|Converts an hrt to tv using global_scale_factor_. |
|Declare the dynamic allocation hooks. |
Static Private Member Functions
|static ACE_hrtime_t||gettime (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)|
|static ACE_hrtime_t||elapsed_hrtime (const ACE_hrtime_t end, const ACE_hrtime_t start)|
|Starting time. |
|Ending time. |
|Total elapsed time. |
|Start time of incremental timing. |
Static Private Attributes
|static ACE_UINT32||global_scale_factor_ = 1u|
|static int||global_scale_factor_status_ = 0|
Most of the member functions don't return values. The only reason that one would fail is if high-resolution time isn't supported on the platform. To avoid impacting performance and complicating the interface, in that case, <ACE_OS::gettimeofday> is used instead. The global scale factor is required for platforms that have high-resolution timers that return units other than microseconds, such as clock ticks. It is represented as a static u_long, can only be accessed through static methods, and is used by all instances of High Res Timer. The member functions that return or print times use the global scale factor. They divide the "time" that they get from <ACE_OS::gethrtime> by global_scale_factor_ to obtain the time in microseconds. Its units are therefore 1/microsecond. On Windows the global_scale_factor_ units are 1/millisecond. There's a macro <ACE_HR_SCALE_CONVERSION> which gives the units/second. Because it's possible that the units/second changes in the future, it's recommended to use it instead of a "hard coded" solution. Dependend on the platform and used class members, there's a maximum elapsed period before overflow (which is not checked). Look at the documentation with some members functions. On some (most?) implementations it's not recommended to measure "long" timeperiods, because the error's can accumulate fast. This is probably not a problem profiling code, but could be on if the high resolution timer class is used to initiate actions after a "long" timeout. On Solaris, a scale factor of 1000 should be used because its high-resolution timer returns nanoseconds. However, on Intel platforms, we use RDTSC which returns the number of clock ticks since system boot. For a 200MHz cpu, each clock tick is 1/200 of a microsecond; the global_scale_factor_ should therefore be 200 or 200000 if it's in unit/millisecond. On Windows QueryPerformanceCounter() is used, which can be a different implementation depending on the used windows HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer). On some it uses the PC "timer chip" while it uses RDTSC on others.
Gabe <email@example.com> raises this issue regarding <ACE_OS::gethrtime>: on multi-processors, the processor that you query for your <timer.stop> value might not be the one you queried for <timer.start>. Its not clear how much divergence there would be, if any. This issue is not mentioned in the Solaris 2.5.1 gethrtime man page. A RDTSC NOTE: RDTSC is the Intel Pentium read-time stamp counter and is actualy a 64 bit clock cycle counter, which is increased with every cycle. It has a low overhead and can be read within 16 (pentium) or 32 (pentium II,III,...) cycles, but it doesn't serialize the processor, which could give wrong timings when profiling very short code fragments. Problematic is that some power sensitive devices (laptops for example, but probably also embedded devices), do change the cycle rate while running. Some pentiums can run on (at least) two clock frequency's. Another problem arises with multiprocessor computers, there are reports that the different RDTSC's are not always kept in sync. A windows "timer chip" NOTE: (8254-compatible real-time clock) When QueryPerformanceCounter() uses the 8254 it has a frequency off about 1.193 Mhz (or sometimes 3.579 Mhz?) and reading it requires some time (several thousand cycles).
Initialize the timer.
|ACE_UINT32 ACE_High_Res_Timer::calibrate||(||const ACE_UINT32|| usec =
|const u_int|| iterations = |
Set (and return, for info) the global scale factor by sleeping for usec and counting the number of intervening clock cycles. Average over iterations of usec each. On some platforms, such as Pentiums, this is called automatically during the first ACE_High_Res_Timer construction with the default parameter values. An application can override that by calling calibrate with any desired parameter values _prior_ to constructing the first ACE_High_Res_Timer instance. Beware for platforms that can change the cycle rate on the fly.
Dump the state of an object.
|ACE_INLINE ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_hrtime||(||const ACE_hrtime_t||end,|
Calculate the difference between two ACE_hrtime_t values. It is assumed that the end time is later than start time, so if end is a smaller value, the time counter has wrapped around.
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_microseconds||(||ACE_hrtime_t &||usecs||)||const|
Sets usecs to the elapsed (stop - start) time in microseconds.
Will overflow on windows when measuring more than appox. 2^^54 ticks. Is still more than 48 days with a 4 Ghz counter.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time||(||ACE_hrtime_t &||nanoseconds||)||const|
Set nanoseconds to the number of nanoseconds elapsed.
Will overflow when measuring more than 194 day's.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time||(||ACE_Time_Value &||tv||)||const|
Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed.
Could overflow within hours on windows with emulated 64 bit int's and a fast counter. VC++ and Borland normaly use __int64 and so normaly don't have this problem.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time_incr||(||ACE_hrtime_t &||nanoseconds||)||const|
Set <nsec> to the number of nanoseconds elapsed between all calls to start_incr and stop_incr.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time_incr||(||ACE_Time_Value &||tv||)||const|
Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed between all calls to start_incr and stop_incr.
|int ACE_High_Res_Timer::get_env_global_scale_factor||(||const ACE_TCHAR *|| env =
Sets the global_scale_factor to the value in the env environment variable. Returns 0 on success, -1 on failure.
|ACE_INLINE ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettime||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
For internal use: gets the high-resolution time using <ACE_OS::gethrtime>. Except on platforms that require that the <global_scale_factor_> be set, such as ACE_WIN32, uses the low-resolution clock if the <global_scale_factor_> has not been set.
|ACE_INLINE ACE_Time_Value ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettimeofday||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
|ACE_INLINE ACE_Time_Value ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettimeofday_hr||(||void||)||
Get the current "time" as the high resolution counter at this time. This is intended to be useful for supplying to a ACE_Timer_Queue as the gettimeofday function, thereby basing the timer calculations on the high res timer rather than wall clock time.
Returns the global_scale_factor.
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor||(||ACE_UINT32||gsf||)||
global_scale_factor_ is set to gsf. All High_Res_Timers use global_scale_factor_. This allows applications to set the scale factor just once for all High_Res_Timers. Check High_Res_Timer.cpp for the default global_scale_factors for several platforms. For many platforms (e.g., Solaris), the global_scale_factor_ is set to 1000 so that <scale_factor> need not be set. Careful, a <scale_factor> of 0 will cause division by zero exceptions. Depending on the platform its units are 1/microsecond or 1/millisecond. Use <ACE_HR_SCALE_CONVERSION> inside calculations instead a hardcoded value.
|ACE_BEGIN_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::hrtime_to_tv||(||ACE_Time_Value &||tv,|
Converts an hrt to tv using global_scale_factor_.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::print_ave||(||const ACE_TCHAR *||message,|
|const int|| iterations =
|ACE_HANDLE|| handle = |
Print average time.
|void ACE_High_Res_Timer::print_total||(||const ACE_TCHAR *||message,|
|const int|| iterations =
|ACE_HANDLE|| handle = |
Print total time.
print_totalif incremental timings had been used!
Reinitialize the timer.
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::start||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::start_incr||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
Start incremental timing.
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::stop||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
|ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::stop_incr||(||const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op|| op =
Stop incremental timing.
Declare the dynamic allocation hooks.
|ACE_BEGIN_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL ACE_END_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL ACE_BEGIN_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL ACE_UINT32 ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor_ = 1u
Converts ticks to microseconds. That is, ticks / global_scale_factor_ == microseconds.
|ACE_END_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL ACE_BEGIN_VERSIONED_NAMESPACE_DECL int ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor_status_ = 0
Indicates the status of the global scale factor, 0 = hasn't been set 1 = been set -1 = HR timer not supported